CeraVe Blog

Understanding the Different Types of Eczema

Icon > Sensitive & Reactive Skin

Eczema is a common skin concern that can affects both children and adults throughout their lifetime. It will generally present as a dry, red rash that frequently appears on the arms, knees, hands and even the face. As there are different types of eczema, every person will have unique triggers, symptoms, and care plans, making the condition hard to identify as there’s no one size fits all solution. However, by understanding the existing types of eczema and taking note of your skin’s patterns, you will come closer to managing your concerns through a suitable skincare plan. 

What is Eczema?

Also known as atopic dermatitis, eczema can present as a red, inflamed skin rash that can feel itchy and uncomfortable. It is non-contagious and has several potential causes, including genetic predisposition, an overactive immune system, and a compromised skin barrier. there are a variety of eczema triggers that people should avoid to minimise flare-ups. Some of the more common triggers are the change in climate, exposure to harsh chemicals or irritants, and wearing different fabrics. These different factors all threaten the skin’s protective barrier and can irritate sensitive skin. 

If symptoms persist, consult your healthcare professional to help identify your triggers and develop a suitable skincare plan. 

The Different Types of Eczema

Eczema sits in a group category for multiple skin concerns that cause redness, irritation and heightened skin sensitivity. To understand how to avoid individual skin triggers, learn about the different forms eczema can take.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis occurs when the skin becomes easily triggered after encountering specific substances. Common items that pose a threat for contact dermatitis include wool, detergents, paints, bleach, alcohol-based skincare products, artificial fragrances, and pollen. When the skin comes into contact with an irritant, it may react  by becoming inflamed or red. Those prone to contact dermatitis should try to understand and avoid their personal triggers as a preventative measure. In addition, they should always use products suitable for use on sensitive or mild eczema-prone skin.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

This type of eczema is mostly found on the scalp or areas dense with oil glands (like the upper back, nose, and chest). There are a few theories around the exact cause of seborrheic dermatitis, as many believe that microorganisms can encourage the skin to produce more oil. Seborrheic dermatitis can take the form of redness, greasy and scaly skin, dandruff for adults, and cradle cap for babies. Using products designed to reduce the visible effects of dandruff and hypoallergenic soap can help care for seborrheic dermatitis flare-ups and keep the skin clean.     

Managing Symptoms of Mild Eczema-Prone Skin

As there are different types of eczema, it’s helpful to understand your individual skin’s needs to address the origins of the concern. Take note of when your skin flares up and keep track of external irritants that you may have come into contact with. After recording the skin’s patterns, it can become easier to identify possible triggers. Another important step for managing mild eczema-prone skin is to strengthen the skin’s protective barrier. When nourishing the skin’s outer layer, the stratum corneum - protection can be made against the entry of potential irritants. A strong stratum corneum is the first form of defence against external aggressors, by shielding against harmful irritants and ensuring they do not disrupt the skin. 

An Ideal Skincare Routine for Sensitive or Mild Eczema-Prone Skin

Developing a skincare routine to help manage sensitive and mild eczema-prone skin is an important part of maintaining a healthy looking and balanced complexion. CeraVe has developed its range alongside dermatologists to produce skincare products suited for dry, sensitive skin that may be prone to mild eczema. 

1. Begin your skincare routine with the CeraVe Hydrating Cream-To-Foam Cleanser, a facial cleanser that can effectively remove makeup and dirt and gently cleanse the skin.

2. For hydration around the eyes, the CeraVe Eye Repair Cream has exceptional moisturising effects for the delicate eye area. 

3. To cleanse and hydrate the body, use the CeraVe Hydrating Cleanser, washing your body without disrupting the skin’s natural barrier.

4. After washing the body, be sure to use a rich and thick, yet fast absorbing hydrating moisturiser like the CeraVe Moisturising Cream to rehydrate the skin for a visibly softer appearance. 

5. It’s important to also nourish your hands with the CeraVe Reparative Hand Cream, which moisturises and helps strengthen the protective skin barrier. 

CeraVe products are all formulated with three essential ceramides, which help to strengthen and maintain the natural skin barrier, in addition to hyaluronic acid which is a hydrating ingredient that helps the skin retain moisture.

Summary

CeraVe’s range of skincare products  help strengthen the skin barrier, whilst being gentle on the skin. Browse CeraVe’s full range of skincare products to care for your skin!